ITALIAN CAMPAIGN
MEMORABILIA AND SOUVENIRS
M-1 Helmet Miniature Paperweight, above two photos.
The three M-1 Helmets pictured above were produced in Italy as souvenir paperweights. Each is roughly 3 inches long and
constructed from lead. All three helmets feature very close details to the M-1 Helmet to include the canvas chin strap across
the rear of the helmet. The helmet pictured on the left has a 34th Infantry Division enameled insignia on the front and is
painted on the outside and inside in a dark forest green. The helmet pictured in the center has a 5th Army enameled insignia
on the front and is painted on the inside and outside in a medium green. The helmet pictured on the right has the North
Africa Command enameled insignia on the front with the letters PBS for Peninsular Base Section and is painted a dark green.
5th Army Commemorative Medal, Type I, above two photos.
The Type I medal has 5th Army in an arc on the face of the medal over Mount Vesuvius next to Naples Harbor. The reverse of
the medal has COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL OF THE ENTRANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES IN NAPLES 1ST OCTOBER 1943. The
word COMMEMORATIVE is completely horizontal on the Type I Medal.
Advancing Armies often found themselves with periods of occupation in the country that
they had recently fought to liberate. Local people had to supply food and board for these
Soldiers and at times, finding other ways to relieve them of their hard earned money. A
phrase, coined in England, to describe the American Soldier was "Over Paid, over
Sexed....and over Here!"
During the German occupation of Italy from 1941 through 1945, Italian tradesmen made
uniforms, insignia and materials for the German War Machine. When the Allies liberated
Naples in October of 1943, these same craftsman turned a eye to a new customer and
liberator - The Americans.

The souvenirs shown below are a few examples of styles of locally made "trinkets"
available to the Allied Service Member during their fight through Italy, 1943 through 1945.
5TH ARMY COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL
The 5th Army Commemorative Medal was produced after the liberation of Naples Italy on October 1st 1943. Several different
variations of the medal were produced, possibly by various vendors in and around Naples for purchase by the advancing
Allied Army. Although official in size and style, there is no formal documentation that shows a formal style for being awarded
or to be worn, but rather produced only as a souvenir. Several styles of suspension ribbon have been seen, but there does
not appear to be any type or regularity for production.
5th Army Commemorative Medal, Type II, above two photos.
The Type II medal has 5th Army in an arc on the face of the medal over Mount Vesuvius next to Naples Harbor. The reverse of
the medal has COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL OF THE ENTRANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES IN NAPLES 1ST OCTOBER 1943. The
word COMMEMORATIVE and 1ST OCTOBER 1943 is in an arc on the Type II Medal.
5th Army Commemorative Medal, Type III, above two photos.
The Type III medal has 5th Army centered on the medal in an arc on the face of the medal over Mount Vesuvius next to Naples
Harbor. This is very similar to the Type I medal, except the Type III has the addition of two ships in the bay, a different
structure to the bay and mountain range. The reverse of the medal has COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL OF THE ENTRANCE OF
THE ALLIED ARMIES IN NAPLES 1ST OCTOBER 1943. These markings are very similar to the Type I medal except for the font
style in the number 1943.
5th Army Commemorative Medal, Type IV, above two photos.
The Type IV medal has 5th Army in an arc on the face of the medal over Mount Vesuvius next to Naples Harbor. This is very
similar to the Type II medal, except that the peninsula of Naples has different styles and numbers of buildings. Additionally,
the skyline below Mt. Vesuvius is thicker. The reverse of the medal has COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL OF THE ENTRANCE OF
THE ALLIED ARMIES IN NAPLES 1ST OCTOBER 1943. The reverse of the Type IV medal is the same as the Type II.
5th Army Commemorative Medal, Type V, above two photos.
The Type V medal has 5th Army centered on the medal in an arc on the face of the medal over Mount Vesuvius next to Naples
Harbor. This is very similar to the Type III, but has much greater and crisp details of Naples, Mt. Vesuvius and bay with ships.  
The reverse of the medal has COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL OF THE ENTRANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES IN NAPLES 1ST
OCTOBER 1943. These markings are the same as the Type III medal.
5th Army Commemorative Medal, Type VI, above two photos.
The Type VI medal does not have 5th Army on the front of the medal. The front of the medal has Mount Vesuvius next to
Naples Harbor with much more detail than the Type I through V medal. The reverse of the medal has 5th ARMY
COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL OF THE ENTRANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES IN NAPLES 1ST OCTOBER 1943.
5th Army Commemorative Medal, Type VII, above two photos.
The Type VII medal does not have 5th Army on the front of the medal. The front of the medal has a relief map of Italy and
Sicily with ships passing through water and sea planes flying overhead. The reverse of the medal has THE ITALIANS TO THE
HEROIC 5TH ARMY in a circle around Italian mountains with one tank and four parachutes descending from two aircraft.